Each state presents social benefits in different way and its represented by different financial reward. Are you aware of what you are entitled to, if you signed the contract with German employer?
In general, working time is 8 hours per day. According to the law, as working days are considered days from Monday till Saturday included. Working time can be extended to maximum of 10 hours per day. This limit is strictly set and cannot be exceeded in general working time in anyway (6 working days = max. of 60 hours). You will get paid extra 25% of your salary. The extra hours can be counted together and they will be “paid” in the form of free day.
Work at weekends
Extra payment for working on Saturday and Sunday is approximately 50% of your salary. Care assistants work during weekends, so they have extra payment based on the agreement with the employer.
Work at night
Payment for working at night is approximately 25% of your salary and depends on your contract with the employer.
The employee is fully entitled to holidays after 6 worked months. With 6 days working week you are entitled to 24 days of holidays, with 5 days working week its 20 days. During the trial period the employee has a right for 2 days of holiday a month or no holidays, depending on the employer.
Annual wage suppliment
These payments depend on individual employer. In general, with full employment you have the right for 13th month payment after 6 worked months. With part-time job the 13th annual payment is represented by aliquot part of worked hours in total. 14th annual payment is not obligatory; its amount can vary (150 – 200€)
In case the employee will fall sick, he needs to inform the employer immediately about the fact he is sick and approximately for how long he will not be able to work. If he is sick more than 3 days, the employee has to show medical statement not later than the next working day. First 6 weeks the employer pays 100% of normal salary, then the social insurance company pays 70% of the salary. During your sick leave you cannot leave Germany without the permission of social insurance company, in order not to experience any financial loss. Otherwise you can lose the right to financial contributions.
From 1st January 2018 you can ask for child allowance 6 months back from the month, when the application is accepted by German office. You can ask for the social benefits up to the child is 18 years old, or until the child is 25 and is a daily student of university. The amount of contributions is as following (depending on the age of child):
- 1st and 2nd child: 204€
- 3rd child: 210€
- 4th child and more: 235€
Payrate for working during bank holidays
There is no extra payment for bank holidays in Germany, as it is forbidden to work during holiday days (with exception of some positions, like carers).
Maternity leave enables males or females not only to take care of their children, but also it gives them the possibility to work part-time. So, the parent can spend time with their child and simultaneously keep up with their job. Each parent has the right to maternity leave until the child is 3 years old. There is a law protecting mother and child which protects pregnant woman from getting fired and in many cases from lowering her salary. Maternity leave usually starts 6 weeks before the date of childbirth and ends 8 weeks after the childbirth. Parent receives 100% of her salary for 14 weeks.
Individuals, who were insured for 45years, can retire at the age of 65. Those, who were insured for minimum of 35 years (including stand-by period like maternity leave), can retire at 67. The amount of pension depends on the amount of income (% from average wage):
- 50% – pension in the amount of 55,6%
- 75% – pension in the amount of 57,9%
- 100% – pension in the amount of 57,9%
- 150% – pension in the amount of 57,2%
- 200% – pension in the amount of 43,4 %
Employee in Germany gets from the employee food allowance of 22,50€ a day.